It can be difficult to distinguish Type 1 and Type 3 diabetes from each other, so let’s look at the signs of diabetes in general here. For a more precise diagnosis, you should visit a qualified medical doctor anyway. Basically, all of the following symptoms are your body’s way of signaling you that your cells do not get enough glucose to function optimally.
Feeling Thirsty All The Time
People with diabetes often feel extremely thirsty all the time, and they drink a lot. The reason for this is that your body is extracting more water from your blood and your body wants to prevent you from dehydration – thus it makes you feel thirsty so you replace the liquids that are missing.
If you run to the toilet all the time to urinate, that is another sign of diabetes. This basically happens because your kidneys are overwhelmed, they can’t keep up with their job because there is not enough insulin (or the insulin can’t be used effectively). Fluids get pulled from tissues into the bloodstream – because the sugar in the blood makes it more osmolal. So the kidneys have to handle a lot more fluid than normal, and then they try to handle all this by making you urinate more often. (This is also why diabetics feel more thirsty all the time).
Low Energy, Fatigue, Weakness, Tiredness
When you eat, your body gets glucose. This glucose gets into the bloodstream. Now, your body should help to transport the glucose to the cells of your body – that’s what insulin usually does. And your cells need the glucose because that’s their fuel so to speak. But if you have diabetes, then you do not have enough insulin, or the insulin isn’t working right, and thus it is not bringing enough glucose to the cells. The glucose just keeps floating around in your blood stream and your cells “run out of fuel” so to speak. And that makes you feel tired and weak.
Losing Weight (Without Reason)
To most people, losing weight sounds like a great thing. Specially when it happens without any strict diet or exercise routine, but just on its own. However, this could be a sign of diabetes, specially Type 1 diabetes. In the previous paragraph about low energy you learned that your cells need glucose to function, but for people with diabetes, the cells aren’t getting enough glucose. So if they do not get enough glucose, they switch to “Plan B” – which means breaking down fat and muscle tissue to create energy, and when your cells are breaking down fat and muscle tissue, then you get thinner and lose weight.
Numb or Tingling Hands, Feet or Legs
Medical experts call this diabetic neuropathy. This is something that does not happen suddenly, but rather slowly, often “creeping in” over several years. The reason for this symptom is that when you have high glucose levels in the blood all the time, it can damage your nervous system.Basically, small blood vessels that take care of nerves get damaged, and thus the nerves suffer.